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What is the difference between product layout and process layout

  1. In contrast, process layout needs frequent and continuous supervision, but due to functional specialization, the cost of supervision is less.
  2. Control and Coordination Production control is very simple in product layout so it necessitates less efforts for coordination. This happens as the products move from one process to another.
  3. Mechanical handling equipment cannot be used under process layout because of frequent backward and upward movement of materials. Under process or functional layout, production control is rather difficult because a part has to be routed through a number of departments located at different places.
  4. But product or line layout is suitable for standardized product. Under product layout, if product design is changed, the layout becomes quite obsolete.
  5. This happens as the products move from one process to another.

Pondent - Updated June 26, 2018 When choosing a layout for your business, two common options are product and process layouts. Both of these layouts differ in how the work spaces and your equipment are structured, but they are similar in that they attempt to make the best use of your resources and help your workers be more productive.

When choosing to use a product or process layout, you will want to be familiar with the use cases for each to determine which is better for assembling your products based on the space you have to work with and what your production volume is. Product Layout The product layout approach involves setting up the production facilities around the steps involved in manufacturing the product.

  • Nature of Product Process or functional layout is more suitable for non-standardized products;
  • When choosing to use a product or process layout, you will want to be familiar with the use cases for each to determine which is better for assembling your products based on the space you have to work with and what your production volume is;
  • Each layout provides a systematic approach to production, with each serving a different type of product assembly;
  • Video of the Day Brought to you by Techwalla Brought to you by Techwalla Layout Suitability Businesses producing a variety of different products that have to go through a similar manufacturing process find it more convenient to adopt a process layout;
  • Preliminary Investment Higher initial amount for investment in machines and equipment is required in product or line type of layout whereas in process layout, comparatively, lower initial investment is sufficient.

The product goes from one step to another as it is manufactured. This is the typical assembly line approach.

  1. On the other hand, a business that manufactures primarily one product, such as shoes, would benefit from a product layout that flows the product through the production process most efficiently.
  2. It is now quite clear from the above discussion that both the systems have their own merits and demerits.
  3. So, handling costs in these two layouts vary considerably. Think about an auto mechanic's shop.
  4. Whereas such changes in product design are quite impossible in machines and operations.
  5. When choosing to use a product or process layout, you will want to be familiar with the use cases for each to determine which is better for assembling your products based on the space you have to work with and what your production volume is.

For example, in the manufacturing process of a car, the car body goes from one stage of production to the next. Employees at each stage work on the car and then pass it on to the next stage.

The Difference Between Process and Product Layout Manufacturing

Process Layout In a process layout, management groups together machines that perform similar functions. For example, it may put all of the lathes together in one part of the factory.

12 Differences between Product Layout and Process Layout

The part that is being manufactured goes from one process area to another process area as it is manufactured. Hospitals typically follow a process layout. For example, the maternity ward is in an area where the hospital attends to all aspects of the maternity process. Similarly, the cardiac unit attends to all aspects of cardiac care.

Video of the Day Brought to you by Techwalla Brought to you by Techwalla Layout Suitability Businesses producing a variety of different products that have to go through a similar manufacturing process find it more convenient to adopt a process layout. For instance, if a business makes different types of wood-based products, it might adopt a process layout.

Differences Between Product & Process Layout

On the other hand, a business that manufactures primarily one product, such as shoes, would benefit from a product layout that flows the product through the production process most efficiently. Differences in Workflow The workflow through a process layout system is variable.

A variety of products flow through the system and the shop floor personnel have to move around the material that goes into the products. This happens as the products move from one process to another.

  • The cans of oil are stored together, as are other groupings of supplies or power tools;
  • Control and Coordination Production control is very simple in product layout so it necessitates less efforts for coordination;
  • But under product layout, the equipment and workers cannot be utilized in their full capacity because machines and workers are specialized for specific parts;
  • Product Layout The product layout approach involves setting up the production facilities around the steps involved in manufacturing the product;
  • This makes for more efficiency.

The factory locates the materials for each stage of production at the place where the workers use them. This makes for more efficiency.