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Thesis on parenting style on the academic performances of students

In fact, education achievement has been pointed out as an instrument for eradication of poverty and inequality and as a tool for economic development World Bank 2002. The Kenya Vision 2030 has further echoed this by identifying education as a major component of the social pillar of the vision GOK, 2010. In the past 25 years, numerous studies on the family and school connection have examined the influence of distinct types of parenting styles on student school based outcomes.

Darling and Steinberg 1993 defined a parenting style as the emotional climate in which parents raise their children and it is characterized by dimensions of parental responsiveness and demandingness.

Baumrind 2012 in his study identified that pre-school children raised by parents with differing parenting styles varied in their degree of social competence.

  1. Correct and balanced relationship between parents and their children is one of the factors influencing both their physical and mental health.
  2. Table 1 Correlation coefficients between parenting styles and educational success and career path of the students Variable. There is no significant relationship between permissive parenting style and these two variables.
  3. Baumrind 2012 in his study identified that pre-school children raised by parents with differing parenting styles varied in their degree of social competence. The correlation matrix between the studied variables is presented in the following table that shows the correlation coefficients between all variables Table 1.
  4. The researcher found that there was a significant correlation between self-esteem, achievement motivation, and educational achievement, between self-esteem and achievement motivation, between self-esteem and educational achievement, and between achievement motivation and educational achievement.

Parenting styles can be categorized according to the levels of parental demandingness i. Theories about how parental values, goals, skills, and attitudes are passed from one generation to the next have been debated by several scholars since the seventeenth century.

Within these two developmental contexts, students interact with and are influenced by multiple socialization agents, including their parents, teachers, and peers Wentzel, 1999. Students is a particular period of human development in which the boundary between the school and the home is quite important Silk and Steinberg, 2002. For instance, students begin to develop their self-concept and they explore their relationship and connection to family, friends, and the larger society. A study carried out by Park, Chiang and M.

In addition, the study found out that traditional Asian parents reinforced the value of unquestioning obedience to parents. The concept suggested that children should prioritize family obligations over personal interests. All groups, academic achievement was negatively related to academic authoritarianism, but showed no relationship with academic authoritativeness.

Academic achievement was positively related to general authoritarianism in Hong Kong and among children from the United States and Australia whose parents did not have any college education while Academic achievement was positively related to general authoritativeness only among the two English-speaking groups.

Another study with a sample of high school students reported that an authoritative parenting style was the most commonly employed parenting style for daughters whereas neglectful parenting style was the most predominantly adopted parenting style for sons Kassahun, 2005.

The influence of parenting style on academic achievement and career path

A study conducted by Changalwa et. He found that in Kenya, a high proportion of students who performed poorly abused drugs and especially alcohol, and from the findings it was clear that their parents were authoritative type of parents. In Kenya, authoritarian style of parenting is the most dominant and hence a lot of emphasis is put on physical punishment. Parents and teachers in Kenya insist on the use of corporal punishment and so doing they confuse discipline and punishment.

However the Ministry of Education realized that caning did not instill discipline and therefore they abolished it from the school systems Wangari report, 2000 This study by Changalwa et. Manyatta Constituency is one of the constituencies in Embu County Kenya. Manyatta Constituency has been faced with one of the poorest academic performance among secondary school students in the past 5 years Ministry of Education, 2012 This is because since the location is within the Embu County Headquarters environs, the students are more vulnerable to urban influence which has seen most of them get involved in unruly behavior which has a tickle influence on the academic performance of this students.

  1. Educational achievement means increase of learning, increase of the level of good scores and admission of students in the courses and educational grades 5 , 6.
  2. The correlation matrix between the studied variables is presented in the following table that shows the correlation coefficients between all variables Table 1.
  3. Furthermore, there was a significantly negative relationship between the creativity and dictatorship principles and there was no statistically significant relationship between the emotional atmosphere of the family, declining to absolute freedom, and creativity 10. Baumrind 2012 in his study identified that pre-school children raised by parents with differing parenting styles varied in their degree of social competence.
  4. In Kenya, authoritarian style of parenting is the most dominant and hence a lot of emphasis is put on physical punishment.