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A paper on causes of the french revolution

The First Estate owned nearly 10 percent of all land in France.

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It paid no taxes but, to support church activities such as school running and caring for the poor, they collected a tithe, or a tax on income. About one-third of the entire clergy in France served as parish priests. Parish priests usually lived a hardworking life. This Estate was the minority of the people in France, having approximately 1 to 2 percent of the population.

The Second Estate in French life was the nobility. They enjoyed extensive rights and privileges, and they made up less than 2 percent of the population. They, like the First Estate, paid hardly any taxes. Economically, the nobility was characterized by great land wealth. Nobles were generally the richest members of the society. Typical sources of income were rents and dues for the use of their farms or estates.

The Third Estate consisted of the commoners. It included the bourgeoisie, peasants, and city workers. The bourgeoisie, or the middle class, were by far, the wealthiest. In the bourgeoisie, there were the merchants and manufacturers, lawyers, doctors, and others similar to those types of professions.

The major causes of the French Revolution Essay

Peasants made up the largest group within the Third Estate. They were forced to pay heavy taxes, tithes to the church, and rents to their property owners for the land that they lived on. The last group within the Third Estate was composed of the city workers. They were servants, apprentices, and house cleaners. One of the major causes of the Revolution was the differences or inequalities that these three estates had. The Third Estate resented certain advantages of the first two estates.

The clergy and nobles did not have to pay most taxes. Poverty was widespread among the peasants because of an unfair tax system and a poor harvest in 1788. The working class was angry because the food prices had gone up. Many member of the middle class were also worried by their social status. The middle class or bourgeoisie had money but did not have the influence the nobles had.

In 1788, the Third Estate, the peasants, working class, and the middle class began to rebel against the oppression forced upon them by the upper estates clergy and noblemen. The once prosperous French economy was failing. The country suffered from harsh economic problems. In 1789, the country was in a financial crisis, which was another cause of the French Revolution. The heavy burden of taxes made it impossible to conduct business profitably within France.

The cost of living rose for everyone, and the price of bread doubled in 1789, and many people faced starvation. This mainly affected the Third Estate, because they paid most of the taxes in France. The Third Estate wanted to make reforms in the government, in order to amend the economic problems. Therefore, they revolted against the king and formed the National Assembly of France, which, in 1799, a paper on causes of the french revolution forward a new constitution.

Thus, from this information, it can be seen that the financial crisis in 1789, in France, was another major cause for the Revolution. After viewing this information, it can be proven that the major causes of the French Revolution were the disputes and inequalities between the different types of social classes in French society, and the financial problems, facing the French government, during the year of 1879.

In turn, the other two estates resented the three groups of the Third Estate. The Third Estate was over taxed, frequently out of work, and often hungry.

These inequalities caused the Third Estate to revolt against their government. The financial problem also caused the lower French class to revolt, because they were affected the most by these economic problems.

  • The clergy and nobles did not have to pay most taxes;
  • The Third Estate wanted to make reforms in the government, in order to amend the economic problems;
  • Poverty was widespread among the peasants because of an unfair tax system and a poor harvest in 1788;
  • Many member of the middle class were also worried by their social status.

This is, because they were over taxed in order to help repair the debts of the country. In conclusion, it can be seen that the French Revolution caused a very hard time in France. The rich people became richer and the poor people became poorer. The situation in France was so bad that a period of the revolution was known as the Reign of Terror. The French Revolution was a time in French History, which was important to the people of France because of the different types of government they had.

Socialism, liberalism, and nationalism all were results of the French Revolution. How to cite this page Choose cite format:

Major Causes of French Revolution