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A life and background of william randolph hearst

Beverly Hills, California American publisher and editor For almost half a century William Randolph Hearst was the American publisher, editor, and proprietor business owner of the most extensive journalistic empire ever assembled by one man.

  • While serving rather inactively in the U;
  • However, that said, he was certainly a fascinating man who knew what he wanted and had a strong drive to achieve it;
  • Meanwhile, his son, William Randolph, was routinely being expelled from school due to pranks;
  • For these reasons and the fact that politics generally bore me and he was a big politician - or tried to be , I struggled through many parts of this book;
  • He could not grasp the basic problems the issue of the war with Spain raised;
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His personality and use of wealth permanently left a mark on American media. He received the best education that his multimillionaire father and his sophisticated schoolteacher mother more than twenty years her husband's junior could buy—private tutors, private schools, grand tours of Europe, and Harvard College. Hearst's father had been a keen geologist student of the earth's history as recorded in rocks and lucky gold miner during the 1849 Gold Rush.

As William Randolph Hearst. To help him politically, he purchased the then failing San Francisco Examiner. Meanwhile, his son, William Randolph, was routinely being expelled from school due to pranks.

He was even expelled from Harvard after sending engraved silver chamber pots prior to indoor plumbing, people kept pots under their beds to use for relieving themselves at night to his professors. But Hearst inherited his father's ambition and energy.

William's mother, the cultured parent, took William on two art tours in Europe before he was sixteen years old. Young Hearst's journalistic career began in 1887, two years after his Harvard expulsion.

  1. Originally a progressive Democrat, he had no bargaining power with Republican Theodore Roosevelt 1859—1919.
  2. George, William Randolph Jr.
  3. His nonattendance angered his colleagues and the voters who had elected him.
  4. Despite Hearst's wealth, expansion, and spending, his popularity with the public as well as with the government was low. The New York Journal afterward New York Journal-American soon attained an unprecedented circulation as a result of its use of many illustrations, colour magazine sections, and glaring headlines; its sensational articles on crime and pseudoscientific topics; its bellicosity in foreign affairs; and its reduced price of one cent.

When William's father died, he left his millions in mining properties, not to his son, but to his wife—who compensated by giving her son ten thousand dollars a month until her death. In turn the gray-eyed, soft-spoken William Randolph Hearst invested frantically and heavily.

Building a journalistic empire The Daily Examiner became young Hearst's laboratory, where he gained a talent for making fake news and faking real news in such a way as to create maximum public shock. From the outset he obtained top talent by paying top prices. To get an all-star cast and an audience of millions, however, Hearst had to move his headquarters to New York City, where he immediately purchased the old and dying New York Morning Journal.

(1863-1951)

Within a year Hearst ran up the circulation from seventy-seven thousand to over a million by spending enough money to beat the aging Joseph Pulitzer's World at its own sensationalist scandalous game. Sometimes Hearst hired away the World 's more aggressive executives and reporters; sometimes he outbid all competitors in the open market. One of Hearst's editors was paid twice as much in salary as the sale price of the New York World.

  • He received the best education that his multimillionaire father and his sophisticated schoolteacher mother more than twenty years her husband's junior could buy—private tutors, private schools, grand tours of Europe, and Harvard College;
  • Hearst owned twenty daily and eleven Sunday papers in thirteen cities, the King Features syndication service organization that places featured articles or comics in multiple papers at once , the International News Service, the American Weekly a syndicated Sunday supplement , International Newsreel, and six magazines, including Cosmopolitan, Good Housekeeping, and Harper's Bazaar.

Hearst attracted readers by adding heated reporting of sports, crime, sex, scandal, and human-interest stories. Hearst's slam-bang showmanship attracted new readers and nonreaders. During the last five years of the nineteenth century, Hearst set his pattern for the first half of the twentieth century.

The Journal supported the Democratic Party, yet Hearst opposed the campaign of Democratic presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan 1860—1925 in 1896. Further, Hearst's wealth cut him off from the troubled masses to whom his newspapers appealed. He could not grasp the basic problems the issue of the war with Spain raised. These added newspapers marked more than an extension of Hearst's journalistic empire, they reflected his sweeping decision to seek the U.

Perhaps his ambition came from a desire to follow in his father's footsteps.

William Randolph Hearst Biography

His personality and fortune were not suited to a political career however. His nonattendance angered his colleagues and the voters who had elected him. Nevertheless, he found time to run as an independent candidate for mayor of New York City in 1905, and as a Democratic candidate for governor in 1906. His loss in both elections ended Hearst's political career.

Personal life In 1903, the day before his fortieth birthday, he married twenty-one-year-old Millicent Willson, a showgirl, thus giving up Tessie Powers, a waitress he had supported since his Harvard days. The Hearsts had five boys, but in 1917 Hearst fell in love with another showgirl, twenty-year-old Marion Davies of the Ziegfeld Follies.

He maintained a relationship with her that ended only at his death. When Hearst's mother died, he came into his inheritance and took up permanent residence on his father's 168,000-acre ranch in southern California. Hearst publications During the 1920s a life and background of william randolph hearst American in every four read a Hearst newspaper. Hearst owned twenty daily and eleven Sunday papers in thirteen cities, the King Features syndication service organization that places featured articles or comics in multiple papers at oncethe International News Service, the American Weekly a syndicated Sunday supplementInternational Newsreel, and six magazines, including Cosmopolitan, Good Housekeeping, and Harper's Bazaar.

William Randolph Hearst

Despite Hearst's wealth, expansion, and spending, his popularity with the public as well as with the government was low. Originally a progressive Democrat, he had no bargaining power with Republican Theodore Roosevelt 1859—1919.

Hearst fought every Democratic reform leader from Bryan to Franklin Roosevelt 1882—1945and he opposed American participation in both world wars. In 1927 the Hearst newspapers printed forged faked documents, which supported an accusation that the Mexican government had paid several U.

The Chief: The Life of William Randolph Hearst

From this scandal the Hearst press suffered not at all. In the next ten years, however, Hearst's funds and the empire suddenly ran out. Hearst had to turn them over to a seven-member committee whose purpose was to save what they could. They managed to hold off economic failure only by selling off much of Hearst's private fortune and all of his public powers as a newspaper owner.

For More Information Davies, Marion. The Times We Had: Life with William Randolph Hearst. The Life of William Randolph Hearst. Power, Passion, and Propaganda in the Movies. Columbia University Press, 2002.

  1. Building a journalistic empire The Daily Examiner became young Hearst's laboratory, where he gained a talent for making fake news and faking real news in such a way as to create maximum public shock. Hearst Castle was to become the realization of this dream as he and architect Julia Morgan collaborated for 28 years to construct a castle worthy of those he saw in Europe.
  2. If you are interested in the history of the media from one side of spectrum , or curious about the life of W.
  3. Learn More in these related Britannica articles.
  4. Outcault , who drew the Yellow Kid cartoons. But his vast personal extravagances and the Great Depression of the 1930s soon seriously weakened his financial position, and he had to sell faltering newspapers or consolidate them with stronger units.

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