College papers help


Vampires the undying myth from ancient civilizations to books and tv

An anthropology blog meant to educate students and the public at large. Saturday, October 24, 2015 Blood Rites: IMDB "Few creatures of the night have captured our imagination like vampires. What is it about the vampire myth that explains our interest? All of these and more are phrases that easily come to mind when one thinks of vampires. Vampire mythos have persisted for centuries and remain one of the most undying and popular to ever exist. Artistic rendition of a BaoBahan-sith, an ancient Scottish vampire The existence of vampires began in ancient times with descriptions of vampires and vampire-like creatures existing in many ancient civilizations across the Old World.

Despite the wide geographical expanse of these stories there are several commonalities among all the different cultural descriptions: These creatures exist in a liminal state: There are, however, regional variants that set vampires apart from each other.

Artistic Rendition of a Lamia, an ancient Mediterranean vampire As vampire mythos can be traced to ancient times it is believed that they were born out of a need to understand the natural world. One potential source of the vampire mythos lies in observations of death and the dead.

After death the body goes through several natural processes that would appear to mimic natural growth cycles that occur in life. The body seems to continue to grow hair and finger nails, as well as expel bodily fluids such as urine, feces, and blood. These processes are actually not as they appear, although they do occur naturally as decomposition progresses. Ancient people must have observed the natural decomposition processes of the deceased and found them perplexing and potentially terrifying.

Stories about the dead rising may have been a way to reconcile this seemingly impossible to them observations and knowledge. Or is it a fascination with the immortality of the undead? Several diseases have been linked to vampirism, including but not limited to hemophilia, tuberculosis, anemia, porphyria, and rabies. Hemophilia is a disease that disables the blood from clotting and causes the affected to bleed profusely at the slightest injury. Tuberculosis is a highly contagious bacterial disease that manifests in the lungs and causes the affected to cough up blood.

Anemia is caused by a deficiency in red blood cells. All of these diseases are associated with other symptoms, such as fatigue, weakness, and fever, which would greatly affect the overall health and activity levels of the affected and could have led the unaffected to associate these symptoms with a supernatural creature, such as a vampire, causing these illnesses.

Vampires the undying myth from ancient civilizations to books and tv

Porphyria and rabies, however, are believed to be more likely candidates for the origins of the vampire mythos given their specific manifestations and symptoms. Porphyria is a genetic condition that obstructs the manufacture of the oxygen carrying protein in blood, heme. Individuals with porphyria are sensitive to light, have skin lesions, discolored teeth, compressed facial features, and extended ears.

While there have been no documented cases of porphyria patients desiring or drinking blood their overall physical appearance may have led people to assume that they were monsters of some sort.

The other contender is rabies, which is a virus transmitted through infected saliva typically via a bite. Symptoms include distaste of water, sleeplessness, and extreme fatigue, as well as violent behaviors.

Scholars have noted historical trends of rabies outbreaks being associated with an increase in vampire sightings, so this disease may also be a source of the vampire mythos, if not also a reason for its perpetuation.

A medieval "vampire" burial. As shown in this photo the deceased was staked through the heart as a means to deter escape from the grave. For all of their explanations and beliefs about vampires ancient people also had several ways to destroy these creatures, as well. Once a vampire was identified the family of the deceased was often tasked with examining the corpse to verify the existence of vampirism.

  1. The woman's encyclopedia of myths and secrets, 1983, 1136 pages, barbara g walker, 006250925x, 9780062509253, harpercollins, 1983 ancient. It is done by putting his hands on either side of the other person's head and pressing their fingers against the other person's temples.
  2. When Adrian first became a vampire, he felt the powerful thirst for blood which no amount of water can relieve. If a vampire uses their blood as a healing medium such as when Adrian was done feeding on Nicole.
  3. Jax further reveals to Your Character that while The Council could save all the Clanless vampires, they choose not to. When Adrian first became a vampire, he felt the powerful thirst for blood which no amount of water can relieve.
  4. In Book 1, Chapter 10 Gaius is revealed to possess this ability when he froze Banner Westbrook to prevent him from moving when Banner refused to recognize Gaius as king of the vampires. Jax tells Your Character that Child Vampires are tricky because they don't have the self-control to feed on humans without draining them.
  5. Later in Bloodbound, Book 1 , Chapter 16, they are welcomed to the human and vampire community. Across ancient civilizations is there more to america's past than is found in our history books treasures of the gods treasures of the gods ancient aliens.

When verified the family would take one or all of the following actions: All of these means were considered sufficient in terminating the liminal vampiric state, thereby allowing the deceased to finally rest in peace. People started to realize the natural forces that were at work and how interconnected the world was. Despite these scientific discoveries people were reluctant to free themselves of their supernatural belief systems.

  1. In Chapter 16, Jax is selected as the new council member replacing Adam Vega after his death in Chapter 15. Artistic rendition of a BaoBahan-sith, an ancient Scottish vampire The existence of vampires began in ancient times with descriptions of vampires and vampire-like creatures existing in many ancient civilizations across the Old World.
  2. As of now, he is the only known vampire to wield this ability. Ancient rome vampire legendary characteristics consistently attributed only to vampires central to vampire myth with books such as the vampire diaries.
  3. Porphyria is a genetic condition that obstructs the manufacture of the oxygen carrying protein in blood, heme. If a vampire uses their blood as a healing medium such as when Adrian was done feeding on Nicole.
  4. The witching hour society is a community site dedicated to paganism, witchcraft, the paranormal, myth, folklore and metaphysics. All of these diseases are associated with other symptoms, such as fatigue, weakness, and fever, which would greatly affect the overall health and activity levels of the affected and could have led the unaffected to associate these symptoms with a supernatural creature, such as a vampire, causing these illnesses.
  5. As a result, clanless vampires are rejected by both the human and vampire worlds respectively. Tv shows vampire diaries cursed obsession chapter 1.

Rather than discontinue the vampire mythos people transformed it into newer incarnations that were more believable in the face of science and matched the prevailing cultural norms of the day. Literary figures such as Lord Byron and John Polidori romanticized vampires, changing them from scary and damned entities to tortured souls who were their own worst enemies.

In these ways the vampire reflected all of the forbidden desires of the public that they wanted to indulge in but that remain forbidden. These changes in the vampire as a creature and the mythos surrounding it may also be related to increased contact with other cultural groups and their own mythos about vampires as we see a mixture of elements from various mythos in the new vampire mythos.

Today, the vampire mythos remains popular. Several of these cinematic productions have inspired further, albeit non-vampire genre works, as well as a debate as to which supernatural creature is better: This alone demonstrates the power and popularity of the vampire mythos, but what is interesting is that many scholars note that the vampire mythos appears to be undergoing yet another transformation of sorts.

The crazed popularity of vampires among adolescent and children is not one that has really ever been seen, causing many to speculate as to what this says about our current cultural norms as well as about vampires themselves. It will be interesting to see how this current popularity affects and revives the vampire mythos in future generations.

The Evolution of Modern Vampirism. Website Created for Eng 331: Pathological Roots of Myth. Vampires in Popular Culture.