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The three reasons for the increase in tourist visit in the halla mountain

Names[ edit ] Mount Hallasan is the highest mountain in South Korea and is worshipped by people because they think that gods and spirits live on it. Hallasan[ edit ] Han represents the universe, and la means "pull".

Both words mean that the mountain is high enough to pull the universe. Jinan[ edit ] The name represents a mountain that is located at the back side of a town and protects the town's residents. Jeju people called Hallasan Jinan because Hallasan blocked winds that were blowing from the Pacific Ocean and also protected the residents.

Dumuak[ edit ] Dumuak is another name for Hallasan. The name represents the bold head mountain. According to a legend, a hunter accidentally ripped God's belly button. God expressed his anger by ripping off the peak of Hallasan. On a very clear day, Hanllasan is visible from the mainland. Yeongjusan[ edit ] Yeongjusan was believed to be a habitat for a plant species that made people immortal. According to a legend, immortal wizards of Korea used to live in Hallasan.

They were immortal because of this special plant. Qinshi Huang wanted the plant to live forever and ordered his men to get the plant 200 AD. Buak[ edit ] Buak became the name of Hallasan, because of the peak of the mountain. The crater of the mountain looks like a big pond. According to a legend, a white deer used to drink the water here. The mountain has been designated Korea's Natural Monument no. The soil of Hallasan is mostly made out of volcanic ash, which mainly contains volcanic ashvolcanic sandand lapilli.

The organic contents of the soil are higher than any other soil in South Korea, but drainage is also better than any other place in South Korea.

The soil is not the best for farming. Most of them are cinder cones and scoria conesbut there are also some lava domes and about 20 tuff rings near the coast and offshore, which were formed by underwater phreatic eruptions. The most recent eruptions are estimated to be about 5,000 years ago, which puts the volcano into the active classification, meaning it has erupted in the last 10,000 years. Depending on the season, the circumference of the lake is up to 2 kilometers with a depth up to about 100 meters.

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The configurative rocks of the eastern and western walls of Baengnokdam are different. In the lower part, there is a high-concentration stream sediment layer of the Tamra layer. The western wall is made of the trachyte lava dome.

The volcanic wall formed by the eruption of the lava should be composed of lava, analysis. However, the eastern wall is composed of the clastic sedimentary sediments, so it is not a crater by lava eruption but a pit crater.

Namely, the the three reasons for the increase in tourist visit in the halla mountain magma, which formed the Baengnokdam trachyte, was elevated on the dome, and the trachyte magma formed lava dome at its top. The inclination and direction of the Tamra Formation of Baengnokdam cannot be measured directly at Baengnokdam, but it is N10W of slope and 30NE of slope measured near the valley below North Baengnokdam, 1,580 m above sea level.

When the south winds flow into the sea, sea winds form around Hallasan, and the sea breeze is formed on the downwind side of the sea. On the coast, winds and the sea breezes gather around the coasts to form Eddy, and the highest temperature occurs in the region where Eddy occurs.

Tendency of maximum temperature by Hallasan[ edit ] In order to understand the tendency of maximum temperature in Jeju Island, the area where the highest temperature occurred when the wind was weak was surveyed and analyzed. In the morning, when the reverse layer is formed and the wind is weak, the warm air of the lower layer is raised when the air movement between the upper and lower layers is blocked, and it is placed on the upper floor by the sea breeze, which affects the temperature rise in the mid-mountainous area.

The occurrence of the highest temperature coincides with the formation position of Eddy, and when the wind is weak, it is formed in the middle mountain region. Tendency of minimum temperature by Hallasan[ edit ] The change of the minimum temperature varies depending on the degree of cooling of Hallasan and the intensity of the wind speed. When the wind blows due to the predominance of sea breeze, the air cooled in Hallasan descends to the coastal area and induces the decrease in temperature.

When the synoptic wind blows strongly, the cold air of Hallasan moves to the downwind side and the lowest temperature appears. When the weak northwestern synoptic winds are blown, the lowest temperature appears in the eastern part of Jeju Island.

The chill of the top of Hallasan descends downhill along the mountain range and is collected in the eastern part of Jeju Island so the morning temperature drops a lot. Inter-regional temperature variation by Hallasan[ edit ] For the last five years, the deviation of temperature maximum temperature - minimum temperature increased in spring between March and May. The reason for the large deviation in spring is because the phenomenon occurs frequently by Hallasan.

Ecosystem[ edit ] Hallasan was isolated from the mainland for a long time and its species were able to become unique and different from mainland species. The elevation of the mountain causes various plant species to live there. The mountain became a habitat for plants that live in low elevation and plants that live in high elevation. Various animal species also live on the mountain. Because of the geography of the mountain, the same species evolved in different ways after thousands of years.

Just like plant species, animal species originally living in cold and hot climates use the mountain as their habitat. There are a total of 160 bird species that use Hallasan as a habitat. Only 19 species are considered as a natural monument and protected by the government. Ravens are commonly seen in the hiking trail. A total of 3,315 insect species live on the mountain.

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A study found that spider habitat is concentrated more on the north side of the mountain. Ticks live on the mountain and gave lots of damage to Jeju residents a long time ago. The damage caused by ticks is still continuing these days. Six tick species give damage to domestic animals.

  • On the coast, winds and the sea breezes gather around the coasts to form Eddy, and the highest temperature occurs in the region where Eddy occurs;
  • The highest mountain in South Korea Be on the lookout for wild creatures.

Plants[ edit ] According to the world floral region, Hallasan belongs to the temperate subregion with Yangtze River basin and southwest Japan. From the coast to the top of the Hallasan, plants are distributed vertically from the subtropical plants to the alpine plants due to the environmental gradient. Of the 4,000 species of vascular plants native to Korea, about 400 species are estimated to be endangered or potentially rare. Especially, 23 species-specific wild plants designated by the Ministry of Environment totally 59 species are distributed in Jeju Island and 6 of them can be found in the natural reserve area of Hallasan.

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Also, about 50 kinds of special plants are distributed in Jeju Island, especially in the highlands of Hallasan. Animals[ edit ] Because of the geographical character of the island, there are many subspecies due to isolation even though they are the same species.

Also, Hallasan is a place where the polar animal and the tropical animal coexist due to the difference of the climate zone according to the elevation. Mammals[ edit ] The mammals of Jeju Island are known as 5 orders and 114 families and 5 species. Thus, the distribution of mammals in Jeju Island is very poor in species and numbers because Jeju island is isolated from the Korean peninsula long ago.

Their population has been reduced due to the decrease in food because of the use of rodenticides and pesticides in recent years and indiscreet fishing. Weasels, badgers, and gazelles are inhabited in Hallasan. The number of weasels and badgers are significantly reducing. Boar and Formosan deer is already extinct. Roe deer, the largest mammal in Hallasan, was once in danger of extinction.

But now its population increased due to protection policies and a lot of efforts by people in Jeju island. Amphibians and reptiles[ edit ] Most of amphibians and reptiles in Jeju Island are Korean native animals but there are anti-Korean animals since Jeju Island is located between Japan and China. As the climate is mild, except for the mountainous areas, sub-tropical forests and frigid forests are well harmonized and virgin forests are well protected.

Halla is particularly well-suited for amphibians and reptiles as a hideout, with well-developed grasslands and marshlands, and is rich in food.

Birds[ edit ] There are 364 kinds of birds in Jeju Island, 91 kinds of passing birds, 100 kinds of birds in winter, 42 kinds of resident birds and 43 kinds of vagrants. Among the birds in Jeju Island, except for the species that live in habitat for migratory birds and coastal regions, there are 160 species inhabiting mainly in Mt. There are 19 species designated as natural monuments. Like many other temples in Korea, Gwaneumsa was destroyed in 1702 and closed for 200 years.

The temple was rebuilt in 1908. It spread The three reasons for the increase in tourist visit in the halla mountain again in Jeju Island.

There is a memorial site outside the temple to commemorate the victims of the Jeju uprising that took place between 1948 and 1950. It is one of the most visited places on the island. There are five hiking trails on Hallasan.

Only the Gwaneumsa and Seongpanak trails lead to the summit. Official site for tourists. Korean [11] Site to search information about Korean transportation. If you want to use public transportation, ride Jeju city bus number 475. In the past, it operated only on weekends and holidays, but it can be used on weekdays since the 2017 bus route reorganization. Even if you come down the mountain at a late time, this route's bus would come in handy, since this bus comes until 20: From Jeju city hall, it takes about 35 minutes and from Jungmun-dong, it takes about 50 minutes.

If you want to use public transportation, ride bus number 240. Dispense interval about 1hr. Seongpanak Trail[ edit ] To go to Seongpanak Trail by car, you should use road number 1131 or 516 which connect Jeju city and Seogwipo city. From Seogwipo city hall, it takes about 40 minutes. If you want to use public transformation, ride buses on road 516, which are 181, 182, 281.

This makes the transportation information really similar. Actually, the way of public transportation is same. But the time to come and go is quite different since these two trails are 30 minutes away by car.