College papers help


Compare and contrast symbolic interactionist perspective the functionalist perspective and the confl

DurkheimKarl MarxMax WeberStructural FunctionalismSymbolic Interaction ismThe Conflict Theory Functionalism versus the Conflict Theory versus Symbolic Interactionism Functionalism, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism are three distinct and common sociological perspectives that share differences and similarities due to the methods in which they evaluate society.

Several sociologists, including Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber, contributed to these extensive, diverse theories. Functionalism, the conflict theory and symbolic interactionism is the study of functions, social inequality and symbolic meanings, respectively.

Theory Origin Many helped formulate and grow the functionalist, conflict and symbolic interactionism theories.

Compare and contrast the functionalist,conflict and interactionist perspectives.....?

Robert Merton and Emile Durkheim elaborated functionalism. The structural-functionalism perspective views society as a combination of institutions, or functions, to equate societal stability and harmony, which Durkheim theorized. Additionally, functionalists believe that these functions rely on each other, and when one function changes, the others do as well. Merton supported that functions can be of different types, such as dysfunctional or latent.

Functionalism v. The Conflict Theory v. Symbolic Interactionism

On the other hand, only one man, Karl Marx, is popular for developing the conflict theory, a perspective that emphasizes inequality Mustapha. Furthermore, he evaluated that the bourgeoisie capitalists execute widespread power by harboring numerous resources and manipulating individuals with institutions, such as religion. This leaves the proletariat workers with alienation, oppression and a potential motive to overthrow the capitalists and establish a classless society.

Lastly, sociologists Max Weber and George Herbert Mead influenced symbolic interactionism, an idea that is stemmed from symbols.

Three Major Perspectives in Sociology

Conversely, though, functionalism assumes that institutions automatically alter themselves to create stability, whereas the conflict theory notes that institutions, like religion, are used by the capitalists to manipulate others. Despite this difference, both theories are evidently successful in grouping individuals together, by class or symbols.

  1. As an example of this, the family provides a controlled outlet for sexual desire and a way to ensure that children are cared for and socialized. If population growth is a problem, then, it is a problem not because there is a lack of food and other resources, but rather because these resources are not distributed fairly.
  2. They also expanded Marx's idea that the key conflict in society was strictly economic.
  3. A sociological approach in functionalism is the consideration of the relationship between the functions of smaller parts and the functions of the whole. With common sense, manifest functions become easily apparent.
  4. As this discussion suggests, functionalism emphasizes how the population and environment affect each other.

Personal Opinion I appreciate functionalism the most and disapprove some aspects of the other theories. I believe that functionalism explains sociology the best among all three theories because it technically regards sociology as a natural science itself that is based on positivism.

In addition, it explains sociology most widely, whereas the other two theories are more limited to individuals and socio-economic classes, respectively. Also, I believe the conflict theory is not well developed and symbolic interactionism, a micro-sociological study, cannot observe wider societal situations.

Overall, all three theories gave influential contribution to sociology.

Three Major Perspectives in Sociology

Functionalism observes functions, which exist for social stability. The conflict theory garners most individuals into two classes that stimulate inequality. Symbolic interactionism concentrates on individuals who assign, share and agree on symbolic meanings and mannerisms.

Works Cited Mustapha, Nasser.