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A issue of teen suicide in united states

Parents, siblings, classmates, coaches, and neighbors might be left wondering if they could have done something to prevent that young person from turning to suicide.

Even though it's not always preventable, it's always a good idea to be informed and take action to help a troubled teenager. About Teen Suicide The reasons behind a teen's suicide or attempted suicide can be complex.

Although suicide is relatively rare among children, the rate of suicides and suicide attempts increases greatly during adolescence. It's also thought that at least 25 attempts are made for every completed teen suicide.

That's why any gun in your home should be unloaded, locked, and kept out of the reach of children and teens. Overdose using over-the-counter, prescription, and non-prescription medicine is also a very common method for both attempting and completing suicide.

It's important to monitor carefully all medications in your home. Also be aware that teens will "trade" different prescription medications at school and carry them or store them in their locker or backpack.

Suicide rates differ between boys and girls. Girls think about and attempt suicide about twice a issue of teen suicide in united states often as boys, and tend to attempt suicide by overdosing on drugs or cutting themselves. Yet boys die by suicide about four times as often girls, perhaps because they tend to use more lethal methods, such as firearms, hanging, or jumping from heights.

Which Teens Are at Risk for Suicide? It can be hard to remember how it felt to be a teen, caught in that gray area between childhood and adulthood. Sure, it's a time of tremendous possibility, but it also can be a period of stress and worry. There's pressure to fit in socially, to perform academically, and to act responsibly. Adolescence is also a time of sexual identity and relationships and a need for independence that often conflicts with the rules and expectations set by others.

Factors that increase the risk of suicide among teens include: Teens who are thinking about suicide might: Many teens who commit or attempt suicide have given some type of a issue of teen suicide in united states to loved ones ahead of time. So it's important for parents to know the warning signs so teens who might be suicidal can get the help they need. Some adults feel that kids who say they are going to hurt or kill themselves are "just doing it for attention.

Getting attention in the form of ER visits, doctor's appointments, and residential treatment generally is not something teens want — unless they're seriously depressed and thinking about suicide or at least wishing they were dead. It's important to see warning signs as serious, not as "attention-seeking" to be ignored.

Watch and Listen Keep a close eye on a teen who is depressed and withdrawn.

Suicide Among Youth

Understanding depression in teens is very important since it can look different from commonly held beliefs about depression. For example, it may take the form of problems with friends, grades, sleep, or being cranky and irritable rather than chronic sadness or crying.

It's important to try to keep the lines of communication open and express your concern, support, and love. If your teen confides in you, show that you take those concerns seriously. A fight with a friend might not seem like a big deal to you in the larger scheme of things, but for a teen it can feel immense and consuming. It's important not to minimize or discount what your teen is going through, as this can increase his or her sense of hopelessness. If your teen doesn't feel comfortable talking with you, suggest a more neutral person, such as another relative, a clergy member, a coach, a school counselor, or your child's doctor.

About Teen Suicide

Ask Questions Some parents are reluctant to ask teens if they have been thinking about suicide or hurting themselves. Some fear that by asking, they will plant the idea of suicide in their teen's head.

It's always a good idea to ask, even though doing so can be difficult.

  1. Another problem with teens and social media is cyberbullying. In the 90 countries areas studied, suicide was the fourth leading cause of death among young males and the third for young females.
  2. Watch and Listen Keep a close eye on a teen who is depressed and withdrawn. Counseling and support groups can play a tremendous role in helping you to realize you are not alone.
  3. Ask Questions Some parents are reluctant to ask teens if they have been thinking about suicide or hurting themselves.
  4. Remember that ongoing conflicts between a parent and child can fuel the fire for a teen who is feeling isolated, misunderstood, devalued, or suicidal. Your doctor can refer you to a psychologist or psychiatrist , or your local hospital's department of psychiatry can provide a list of doctors in your area.

Sometimes it helps to explain why you're asking. For instance, you might say: Have you been having thoughts about trying to kill yourself? Your doctor can refer you to a psychologist or psychiatristor your local hospital's department of psychiatry can provide a list of doctors in your area.

Your local mental health association or county medical society can also provide references. If your teen is in a crisis situation, your local emergency room can conduct a comprehensive psychiatric evaluation and refer you to the appropriate resources. If you've scheduled an appointment with a mental health professional, make sure to keep the appointment, even if your teen says he or she is feeling better or doesn't want to go.

Suicidal thoughts do tend to come and go; however, it is important that your teen get help developing the skills needed to decrease the likelihood that suicidal thoughts and behaviors will emerge again if a crisis arises.

If your teen refuses to go to the appointment, discuss this with the mental health professional — and consider attending the session and working with the clinician to make sure your teen has access to the help needed. Remember that ongoing conflicts between a parent and child can fuel the fire for a teen who is feeling isolated, misunderstood, devalued, or suicidal.

Get help to air family problems and resolve them in a constructive way. Also let the mental health professional know if there is a history of depression, substance abuse, family violence, or other stresses at home, such as an ongoing environment of criticism. Helping Teens Cope With Loss What should you do if someone your teen knows, perhaps a family member, friend, or a classmate, has attempted or committed suicide?

First, acknowledge your child's many emotions.

  • More young people survive suicide attempts than actually die;
  • Suicidal thoughts do tend to come and go; however, it is important that your teen get help developing the skills needed to decrease the likelihood that suicidal thoughts and behaviors will emerge again if a crisis arises;
  • There's pressure to fit in socially, to perform academically, and to act responsibly;
  • If your teen is dealing with a friend or classmate's suicide, encourage him or her to make use of these resources or to talk to you or another trusted adult;
  • It's important to monitor carefully all medications in your home.

Some teens say they feel guilty — especially those who felt they could have interpreted their friend's actions and words better. Others say they feel angry with the person who committed or attempted suicide for having done something so selfish. Still others say they feel no strong emotions or don't know how to express how they feel. Reassure your child that there is no right or wrong way to feel, and that it's OK to talk about it when he or she feels ready.

When someone attempts suicide and survives, people might be afraid of or uncomfortable talking with him or her about it. Tell your teen to resist this urge; this is a time when a person absolutely needs to feel connected to others. Many schools address a student's suicide by calling in special counselors to talk with the students and help them cope.

If your teen is dealing with a friend or classmate's suicide, encourage him or her to make use of these resources or to talk to you or another trusted adult. If You've Lost a Child to Suicide For parents, the death of a child is the most painful loss imaginable. For parents who've lost a child to suicide, the pain and grief can be intensified.

Global suicide rates among young people aged 15-19

Although these feelings may never completely go away, survivors of suicide can take steps to begin the healing process: Maintain contact with others. Suicide can be a very isolating experience for surviving family members because friends often don't know what to say or how to help. Seek out supportive people to talk with about your child and your feelings. If those around you seem uncomfortable about reaching out, initiate the conversation and ask for their help.

Remember that your other family members are grieving, too, and that everyone expresses grief in their own way. Your other children, in particular, may try to deal with their pain alone a issue of teen suicide in united states as not to burden you with additional worries. Be there for each other through the tears, anger, and silences — and, if necessary, seek help and support together. Expect that anniversaries, birthdays, and holidays may be difficult.

Important days and holidays often reawaken a sense of loss and anxiety. On those days, do what's best for your emotional needs, whether that means surrounding yourself with family and friends or planning a quiet day of reflection. Understand that it's normal to feel guilty and to question how this could have happened, but it's also important to realize that you might never get the answers you seek.

The healing that takes place over time comes from reaching a point of forgiveness — for both your child and yourself. Counseling and support groups can play a tremendous role in helping you to realize you are not alone. Some bereaved family members become part of the suicide prevention network that helps parents, teenagers, and schools learn how to help prevent future tragedies.