College papers help


The paris climate deal set the precedence for the use of solar energy

Reuters News agency Thursday, August 23, 2018, 5: It is a radical example of tackling climate change by cutting the use of fossil fuels, offering a glimpse of how the world could stay within warming limits which U. Vaxjo's power plant runs on biomass from timber. In winter, snow plows clear bicycle paths before roads to discourage cars, and political parties all back a target of making the city fossil-fuel free by 2030 to eliminate carbon dioxide emissions from oil, natural gas and coal.

People cycle on the central street in Vaxjo, Sweden August 15, 2018. Picture taken August 15, 2018. Leading climate scientists are set to warn governments in October that global carbon emissions from energy use will have to plunge by up to seven percent a year to meet Paris' toughest goals - unless they develop technologies to suck carbon from the air, according to a draft U. Extreme falls are usually known only from World Wars, the 1930s Great Depression or in Russia, where emissions plunged 16 percent in the year after the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union.

  • The trajectory is uneven, but equates to an annual rate of emissions cuts of 3;
  • A "low energy demand" LED scenario is the only one to focus solely on rapid cuts in emissions and an acceleration of planting forests to absorb more greenhouse gases;
  • In the meantime, Americans who wish to be StillIn should stand with the rest of the world and insist that it not allow the agreement to be gutted in their name;
  • A "low energy demand" LED scenario is the only one to focus solely on rapid cuts in emissions and an acceleration of planting forests to absorb more greenhouse gases;
  • It says its accounting follows U.

Coal-dependent emerging economies led by China and India are all raising energy use to end poverty and developed countries are wary of sacrificing growth for the environment. What works in a city in a rich, stable Nordic democracy is not an easy blueprint. Still, isolated examples like Vaxjo, a city of 66,000 inhabitants where the twin-spired red medieval cathedral contrasts with ultra-modern wooden buildings, are intriguing for policymakers since it has cut emissions and continued to grow.

The trajectory is uneven, but equates to an annual rate of emissions cuts of 3.

  1. Withdrawal from Paris undermines this. Not so long ago, it was equally accepted that the international community had little to say about how countries should treat their own citizens.
  2. For the last 100 years, American farmers, their elected officials, industries that serve them and great innovators like George Washington Carver , Henry Wallace and Norman Borlaug have led the world in developing agricultural solutions to big problems.
  3. Even a passing understanding of contemporary science reminds us that we live in an age that demands radicalism.

By contrast, worldwide carbon emissions rose by two percent last year to a record high of almost five tonnes per capita, according to scientists who compile a Global Carbon Budget. Vaxjo aims to eliminate carbon emissions from fossil fuels by 2030 - in homes, industry and transport including planes taking off from the local airport.

It says its accounting follows U.

Swedish city goes green, sets example for policymakers

The city estimates that carbon dioxide from fossil fuels accounts for 65 percent of the municipality's greenhouse gases. Vaxjo has cut other gases, such as methane and nitrous oxide, by 42 percent since 1993 but has not yet set deadlines for phasing them out.

Thanks to the early green start, Vaxjo's carbon cuts are far ahead of the timetable set by almost 200 nations in the Paris climate agreement to phase out net emissions of all greenhouse gases sometime from 2050-2100. Sweden as a whole has also cut emissions while sustaining strong economic growth. The burning of biomass also emits carbon dioxide but can be made carbon neutral by planting new forests, as in Vaxjo, which absorb the gas to grow.

Almost no countries have forests covering two-thirds of the country like Sweden, but Skog noted that all nations have some form of renewable energy, such as solar or wind power.

  1. The EPA, working with the states, could thus use section 115 to set and achieve an economy-wide emission reduction target.
  2. If it becomes clear that the Paris Agreement will not create the kind of international solidarity necessary, statist thinking will take us to some very dark places indeed.
  3. Sustainable Development Goals are evidence of a deep commitment to those improvements. The concession makes no sense if you think Trump will be a one-term president.
  4. As part of the Paris deal, world leaders asked scientists to write a report about ways to achieve the 1.

Skog cited companies like flat-pack furniture group IKEA, which aims to be "climate positive" by 2030, to show that strong environmental goals do not undermine profits but said "we have not yet completely decoupled our economy from carbon emissions". The nation's greenhouse gas emissions fell 26 percent between 1990-2016, but the rate of decline has slowed in recent years; Rolf Lindahl of Greenpeace said Sweden was doing better than most but not enough in terms of phasing out fossil fuels.

Wildfires have made the environment a big issue in elections due on Sept. The anti-immigrant Sweden Democrats, who oppose Sweden taking a global lead in cutting greenhouse gas emissions because of fears it could slow the economy, are expected to make the biggest gains with an expected fifth of the vote. But mainstream parties on left and right have ruled out cooperating with them. The Paris agreement set a goal of limiting the rise in average global temperatures to "well below" two degrees Celsius 3.

Temperatures are already up by about 1C. As part of the Paris deal, world leaders asked scientists to write a report about ways to achieve the 1. The draft by the U. Three rely heavily on unproven technologies for extracting carbon dioxide from nature and burying it. A "low energy demand" LED scenario is the only one to focus solely on rapid cuts in emissions and an acceleration of planting forests to absorb more greenhouse gases. Arnulf Gruebler, of the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Vienna, the lead author of the LED, said the rise of the internet in recent years showed that new technologies can abruptly transform economies.

Smart phones, for instance, could reduce energy demand if they replace cameras, radios, telephones, clocks, televisions and music players rather than being an extra gadget. But many say the LED scenario is also pie-in-the-sky. Christian Azar, a professor of energy and the environment at Chalmers University in Gothenburg, said the paris climate deal set the precedence for the use of solar energy would probably require unpopular restrictions on driving, flying, even diets.

President Donald Trump, who says he doubts climate change is primarily driven by man-made emissions, plans to pull out of the Paris agreement, asserting that it will undermine the economy. Spurred by the oil shocks, Vaxjo was one of the first Swedish cities to build a district heating plant run on biomass in 1980, pumping hot water around the city and generating electricity.

After the oil crises "we realized we live virtually in the woodshed," said Henrik Johansson, environmental coordinator at Vaxjo municipality.

A race to the bottom to destroy the planet

The forest owners then paid more taxes, enriching the municipality. Picture taken August 14, 2018. In Vaxjo, buses run on biogas, bus routes are altered to stop at new housing developments even before they are built and changes to building codes are being planned to limit new parking spaces.

The city is also upgrading insulation in older buildings and has decreed that 50 percent of all new municipal buildings will be made of wood by 2020. An urban garden near the centre grows tomatoes, squash, pumpkins and sunflowers. Sweden's local municipalities have huge power, raising taxes and spending about 70 percent of all public money on everything from education to pensions.

It is not always popular. Frank, president of the city council, said Vaxjo's strong line on the environment had led a satirical newspaper to describe him as the head of a "green fascist state".

  • This argument ignores the fact that Article 4;
  • No country, however, has previously sought to use its trade relationships to uphold a climate protection norm;
  • Picture taken August 15, 2018;
  • The trajectory is uneven, but equates to an annual rate of emissions cuts of 3.

And not everything is on track. Gleaming new bicycle racks for commuters at Vaxjo railway station were mostly empty one recent day. Bicycles are parked at a railway station in Vaxjo, Sweden August 15, 2018.