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Comparing the similarities in societies geography religion and politics between egypt and mesoameric

However, while there are material similarities between societies, there are also nuances regarding social practices.

In addition, scientific rigor has revealed transcending socio-religious ideologies which deeply integrate household, communal and state levels into a bonded society.

To discuss these intercultural similarities and differences, along with their internal complexities, I have chosen two Mesoamerican periods: Several Mesoamerican societies share common features.

Therefore, using two archaeological constructs, namely the eras of the Maya Classic c. ADI will endeavor to describe these two separate periods and discuss the similarities and differences between them Webster and Evans I will begin with an examination of Maya and Aztec residential homes, discussing their local socio-political households, yet highlighting the dissimilarities between them.

Then moving on, I will conduct a comparative and contrastive analysis of two of their urban features, specifically ball courts and temple-pyramids.

Because this essay concerns two cultures, I will be discussing the Maya first, then the Aztecs, per sub-topic. Architecture for the gods Maya ball courts The design of ball courts, like the actual game play, was not just a symbol of cultural athleticism. The largest, the Great Ball Court complex, contains artistic patterns of human decapitation, coincidently?

Some have suggested from evidence such as this, that the Maya actually used defeated players as sacrificial victims, with either their head, or entire body being folded into a ball following a game Foster and Mathews Nonetheless, the presence of a skull rack infers religious rituals that may have figured prominently following victory, or defeat.

Maya ball courts were typically located near the main central plaza Thompson Additionally, in the northern lowlands elaborately carved stone rings would be placed along the sides of the walls Webster and Evans Illustrating a difference to the Maya design however, Carballo stated that carved rings were not to be found in post-Classic Aztec courts.

Whereas at first glance, Maya and Aztec ball courts seem to be randomly placed, they were not. Conceivably, this uniformity in layout is an architectural reflection of the rigid centralization of the Aztec culture.

Social, cultural, economic, and political patterns in the Amerindian world

Maya Temple-Pyramids For every one pyramid that the ancient Egyptians built, the Maya built a hundred, moreover the Maya constructed them without copper, bronze or iron tools Webster and Evans Dependence on stone tools was a probable factor in the quarrying of limestone, especially in the lowlands Teresi The former has three doorways adorned with wooden lintels, while the latter makes use of stucco paneling with Maya glyphs enveloping several doorways Sharer and Traxler Ergo, temple-pyramids and ball courts could be interpreted as the architecturally manifested core โ€” if not zenith โ€” of mutually held cultural views regarding existence, death and the afterlife.

Oklahoma, United States of America: University of Oklahoma Press.

  • Studies of the Household, Compound, and Residence First ed;
  • Littell, Son and Co.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America: UPenn Museum of Archaeology. Offering 48 of the Templo Mayor: A Case of Child Sacrifice. Stanford, California, United States of America: Templo Mayor Research, Wayne, Interviewer Batjac Productions.

The Sacred Book of the Maya: Oxford University Press Inc. Maya Palaces and Elite Residences: Austin, Texas, United States of America: University of Texas Press.

  • Note that there are still scholarly disputes over details who actually inhabited the city, maybe the Olmecs, before the city's decline by 8th century;
  • Egyptian art discovered inside the pyramid; this art served the pharaoh to protect him in the afterlife, it would not be seen by the public;
  • This relationship of economic and political control ensured power flowed from the periphery towards the center, which permeated throughout the religious-secular spheres through ideological processes;
  • Basic Patterns Of Egyptian Society Unlike Mesopotamia and the Middle East, where an original river-valley basis to civilization ultimately gave way to the spread of civilization throughout an entire region, Egyptian civilization from its origins to its decline was focused on the Nile River and the deserts around it;
  • Social elites had created a cultural belief system formed around a central idea; that the divine king kept order in a universe that would otherwise tear itself apart in a war between benevolent and malicious gods;
  • Despite some important disruptions, this was an amazing record of stability even though the greatest vitality of the civilization was exhausted by about 1000 B.

Aztec Household Organization and Village Administration. The Nature of an Ancient Maya City: Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States of America: University of Alabama Press. Field Columbian Museum Anthropological Series: Chicago, Illinois, United States of America: Mesoamerica After the Decline of Teotihuacan, A.

  1. One difference of Mesoamerican religions was the prominent role of human sacrifice Yet that is also anther point on which there is much controversy. This point is continued in the next section, upon examining the differences between pyramid-cultures.
  2. From the king's authority also flowed an extensive bureaucracy, recruited from the landed nobles but specially trained in writing and law. Stanford, California, United States of America.
  3. Narmer, king of southern Egypt, conquered the northern regional kingdom and created a unified state 600 miles long.
  4. The Nature of an Ancient Maya City. Because its values and its tightly knit political organization encouraged monumental building, we know more about Egypt than about Mesopotamia, even though the latter was in most respects more important and richer in subsequent heritage.
  5. His principle areas of interest are Roman Republican, late Western Imperial Roman and early Barbarian history and archaeology, as well as Classical philology.

The Art and Architecture of Ancient America: Littell, Son and Co. To Be Like Gods: Boulder, Colorado, United States of America: The Divine Ground Tree: Lanham, Maryland, United States of America: Lords of Creation, Lords of War.

  1. During the 2000-year span in which Egypt displayed its greatest vigor, the society went through three major periods of monarchy the Old, the Intermediate, and the New Kingdoms , each divided from its successor by a century or two of confusion. Egyptian conscripts moving construction material from the quarry up to the pyramid.
  2. Soon, the pharaoh was regarded as a god. This idea encouraged people to continue their efforts towards building pyramids; in turn, the architecture of power, methods of construction and control of the pyramid-building workforce further separated the two social classes and created a relationship of dependence that benefitted the elite.
  3. Farming had been developed along the Nile by about 5000 B. Egyptian civilization may at the outset have received some inspiration from Sumer, but a distinctive pattern soon developed in both religion and politics.
  4. The pharaoh was held to be descended from gods, with the power to assure prosperity and control the rituals that assured the flow of the Nile and the fertility derived from irrigation.
  5. The Divine Ground Tree.

Organization in the Mapa de Cuauhtinchan. A Comparison of Archaeology and Ethnohistory.

Recent Articles

Studies of the Household, Compound, and Residence First ed. A Study of Maya Art: Images from the Underworld: Human Sacrifice, Militarism, and Rulership: He is currently in his senior year for a Bachelor of Arts Hons in Archaeology.

  • Social elites had created a cultural belief system formed around a central idea; that the divine king kept order in a universe that would otherwise tear itself apart in a war between benevolent and malicious gods;
  • Unlike Sumer, Egypt moved fairly directly from precivilization to large government units, without passing through a city-state phase, though the first pharaoh, Narmer, had to conquer a number of petty local kings around 3100 B;
  • University of Texas Press;
  • People of the Earth;
  • Templo Mayor Research,
  • Narmer, king of southern Egypt, conquered the northern regional kingdom and created a unified state miles long.

Upon graduating, Paul plans to pursue an MA in Classics followed by doctoral research, with a goal to make a career teaching at the college-preparatory school level. His principle areas of interest are Roman Republican, late Western Imperial Roman and early Barbarian history and archaeology, as well as Classical philology.

He has broad secondary interests in the archaeology of Early Bronze Age Mesopotamia and the political history of Middle Kingdom-Second Intermediate Period Ancient Egypt, as well as general interests in both Classic and Postclassic Mesoamerican sociopolitical structures. He has worked with Dr.